GENCODE Versions Tracks
Container of all new and previous GENCODE releases tracks   (All Genes and Gene Predictions tracks)

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All GENCODE VM25  All GENCODE annotations from VM25 (Ensembl 100)  
All GENCODE VM24  All GENCODE annotations from VM24 (Ensembl 99)  
All GENCODE VM22  All GENCODE annotations from VM22 (Ensembl 97)  
All GENCODE VM18  All GENCODE annotations from VM18 (Ensembl 93)  
All GENCODE VM16  All GENCODE annotations from VM16 (Ensembl 91)  
All GENCODE VM14  All GENCODE annotations from VM14 (Ensembl 89)  
GENCODE VM11 (Ensembl 86)  Gene Annotations from ENCODE/GENCODE Version M11 (Ensembl 86)  
GENCODE VM9 (Ensembl 84)  Gene Annotations from ENCODE/GENCODE Version M9 (Ensembl 84)  
Assembly: Mouse Dec. 2011 (GRCm38/mm10)


The aim of the GENCODE Genes project (Harrow et al., 2006) is to produce a set of highly accurate annotations of evidence-based gene features on the human reference genome. This includes the identification of all protein-coding loci with associated alternative splice variants, non-coding with transcript evidence in the public databases (NCBI/EMBL/DDBJ) and pseudogenes. A high quality set of gene structures is necessary for many research studies such as comparative or evolutionary analyses, or for experimental design and interpretation of the results.

The GENCODE Genes tracks display the high-quality manual annotations merged with evidence-based automated annotations across the entire human genome. The GENCODE gene set presents a full merge between HAVANA manual annotation and Ensembl automatic annotation. Priority is given to the manually curated HAVANA annotation using predicted Ensembl annotations when there are no corresponding manual annotations. With each release, there is an increase in the number of annotations that have undergone manual curation. This annotation was carried out on the GRCm38 (mm10) genome assembly.

Experimental verification details are given in each descriptions for each track.

For more information on the different gene tracks, see our Genes FAQ.

Display Conventions

These are multi-view composite tracks that contain differing data sets (views). Instructions for configuring multi-view tracks are here. Only some subtracks are shown by default. The user can select which subtracks are displayed via the display controls on the track details pages. Further details on display conventions and data interpretation are available in the track descriptions.

Release Notes

GENCODE version M25 corresponds to Ensembl 100.

GENCODE version M20 corresponds to Ensembl 96.

GENCODE version M18 corresponds to Ensembl 93.

GENCODE version M16 corresponds to Ensembl 91.

GENCODE version M14 corresponds to Ensembl 89.

GENCODE version M11 corresponds to Ensembl 86.

GENCODE version M9 corresponds to Ensembl 84.

See also: The GENCODE Project Release History.


The GENCODE project is an international collaboration funded by NIH/NHGRI grant U41HG007234. More information is available at, Participating GENCODE institutions and personnel can be found here.


Frankish A, Diekhans M, Jungreis I, Lagarde J, Loveland JE, Mudge JM, Sisu C, Wright JC, Armstrong J, Barnes I et al. GENCODE 2021. Nucleic Acids Res. 2021 Jan 8;49(D1):D916-D923. PMID: 33270111; PMC: PMC7778937; DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkaa1087

A full list of GENCODE publications are available at The GENCODE Project web site.

Data Release Policy

GENCODE data are available for use without restrictions.