RefSeq Gene
 

RefSeq Gene GRM1

RefSeq: NM_001278065.2   Status: Reviewed
Description: Homo sapiens glutamate metabotropic receptor 1 (GRM1), transcript variant 4, mRNA.
CCDS: CCDS47497.1
CDS: completeness unknown
OMIM: 604473
Entrez Gene: 2911
PubMed on Gene: GRM1
PubMed on Product: metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 isoform beta precursor
GeneCards: GRM1
AceView: GRM1
Related GeneReviews disease(s): ataxias (Hereditary Ataxia Overview)

Summary of GRM1

This gene encodes a metabotropic glutamate receptor that functions by activating phospholipase C. L-glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and activates both ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. Glutamatergic neurotransmission is involved in most aspects of normal brain function and can be perturbed in many neuropathologic conditions. The canonical alpha isoform of the encoded protein is a disulfide-linked homodimer whose activity is mediated by a G-protein-coupled phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. This gene may be associated with many disease states, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and breast cancer. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013].


mRNA/Genomic Alignments

BROWSER | SIZE IDENTITY CHROMOSOME  STRAND    START     END              QUERY      START  END  TOTAL
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
browser |  6916  100.0%          6     + 146027707 146437600          NM_001278065     1  6916  6917

View details of parts of alignment within browser window
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Position: chr6:146027707-146437600
Band: 6q24.3
Genomic Size: 409894
Strand: +
Gene Symbol: GRM1
CDS Start: complete
CDS End: complete

Links to sequence:

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Data last updated: 2020-02-04

Description

The RefSeq Genes track shows known human protein-coding and non-protein-coding genes taken from the NCBI RNA reference sequences collection (RefSeq). The data underlying this track are updated weekly.

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Display Conventions and Configuration

This track follows the display conventions for gene prediction tracks. The color shading indicates the level of review the RefSeq record has undergone: predicted (light), provisional (medium), reviewed (dark).

The item labels and display colors of features within this track can be configured through the controls at the top of the track description page.

  • Label: By default, items are labeled by gene name. Click the appropriate Label option to display the accession name instead of the gene name, show both the gene and accession names, or turn off the label completely.
  • Codon coloring: This track contains an optional codon coloring feature that allows users to quickly validate and compare gene predictions. To display codon colors, select the genomic codons option from the Color track by codons pull-down menu. For more information about this feature, go to the Coloring Gene Predictions and Annotations by Codon page.
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Methods

RefSeq RNAs were aligned against the human genome using BLAT. Those with an alignment of less than 15% were discarded. When a single RNA aligned in multiple places, the alignment having the highest base identity was identified. Only alignments having a base identity level within 0.1% of the best and at least 96% base identity with the genomic sequence were kept.

Credits

This track was produced at UCSC from RNA sequence data generated by scientists worldwide and curated by the NCBI RefSeq project.

References

Kent WJ. BLAT - the BLAST-like alignment tool. Genome Res. 2002 Apr;12(4):656-64. PMID: 11932250; PMC: PMC187518

Pruitt KD, Brown GR, Hiatt SM, Thibaud-Nissen F, Astashyn A, Ermolaeva O, Farrell CM, Hart J, Landrum MJ, McGarvey KM et al. RefSeq: an update on mammalian reference sequences. Nucleic Acids Res. 2014 Jan;42(Database issue):D756-63. PMID: 24259432; PMC: PMC3965018

Pruitt KD, Tatusova T, Maglott DR. NCBI Reference Sequence (RefSeq): a curated non-redundant sequence database of genomes, transcripts and proteins. Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Jan 1;33(Database issue):D501-4. PMID: 15608248; PMC: PMC539979