Human Gene TAF11 (uc003ojw.2) Description and Page Index
Description: Homo sapiens TAF11 RNA polymerase II, TATA box binding protein (TBP)-associated factor, 28kDa (TAF11), transcript variant 1, mRNA. RefSeq Summary (NM_005643): Initiation of transcription by RNA polymerase II requires the activities of more than 70 polypeptides. The protein that coordinates these activities is transcription factor IID (TFIID), which binds to the core promoter to position the polymerase properly, serves as the scaffold for assembly of the remainder of the transcription complex, and acts as a channel for regulatory signals. TFIID is composed of the TATA-binding protein (TBP) and a group of evolutionarily conserved proteins known as TBP-associated factors or TAFs. TAFs may participate in basal transcription, serve as coactivators, function in promoter recognition or modify general transcription factors (GTFs) to facilitate complex assembly and transcription initiation. This gene encodes a small subunit of TFIID that is present in all TFIID complexes and interacts with TBP. This subunit also interacts with another small subunit, TAF13, to form a heterodimer with a structure similar to the histone core structure. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]. Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg19 chr6:34,845,555-34,855,848 Size: 10,294 Total Exon Count: 5 Strand: - Coding Region Position: hg19 chr6:34,846,367-34,855,734 Size: 9,368 Coding Exon Count: 5
ID:TAF11_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Transcription initiation factor TFIID subunit 11; AltName: Full=TFIID subunit p30-beta; AltName: Full=Transcription initiation factor TFIID 28 kDa subunit; Short=TAF(II)28; Short=TAFII-28; Short=TAFII28; FUNCTION: Core TAFII present in both of the previously described TFIID species which either lack or contain TAFII30 (TFIID alpha and TFIID beta respectively). SUBUNIT: TFIID is composed of TATA binding protein (TBP) and a number of TBP-associated factors (TAFs). Interacts with TAF13 both in vitro and intracellularly; also interacts directly with TBP. INTERACTION: Q15543:TAF13; NbExp=2; IntAct=EBI-1027005, EBI-1026992; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Nucleus. DOMAIN: TBP and TAFII18 bind to distinct domains of TAFII28. PTM: Phosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR. SIMILARITY: Belongs to the TAF11 family. SEQUENCE CAUTION: Sequence=AAF22038.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=208; WEB RESOURCE: Name=NIEHS-SNPs; URL="http://egp.gs.washington.edu/data/taf11/";
Genetic Association Studies of Complex Diseases and Disorders
Genetic Association Database (archive): TAF11 CDC HuGE Published Literature: TAF11
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q15544
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.
Biological Process: GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated GO:0006366 transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter GO:0042795 snRNA transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter GO:0043923 positive regulation by host of viral transcription GO:0051123 RNA polymerase II transcriptional preinitiation complex assembly GO:1901796 regulation of signal transduction by p53 class mediator
R-HSA-109636 Recognition and Binding of Core Promoter Elements by TFIID R-HSA-73946 Abortive initiation R-HSA-75856 Abortive Initiation Before Second Transition R-HSA-75873 Addition of Nucleotides 5 through 9 on the growing Transcript R-HSA-167136 Addition of nucleotides 5 through 9 on the growing HIV-1 transcript R-HSA-167474 Abortive HIV-1 Initiation Before Second Transition R-HSA-167477 Abortive HIV-1 initiation after formation of the first phosphodiester bond R-HSA-6810234 General transcription factors bind SNAPc:POU2F1:ZNF143:snRNA gene R-HSA-75866 Nucleophillic Attack by 3'-hydroxyl Oxygen of nascent transcript on the Alpha Phosphate of NTP R-HSA-75861 NTP Binds Active Site of RNA Polymerase II R-HSA-75864 Newly Formed Phosphodiester Bond Stabilized and PPi Released R-HSA-109637 Binding of TFIIA and TFIIB to the pol II promoter:TFIID complex R-HSA-75862 Fall Back to Closed Pre-initiation Complex R-HSA-75949 RNA Polymerase II Promoter Opening: First Transition R-HSA-167134 Newly formed phosphodiester bond stabilized and PPi released R-HSA-167130 Nucleophillic attack by 3'-hydroxyl oxygen of nascent HIV-1 transcript on the Alpha phosphate of NTP R-HSA-167118 NTP binds active site of RNA Polymerase II in HIV-1 open pre-initiation complex R-HSA-167484 Fall Back to Closed Pre-initiation Complex R-HSA-167097 HIV Promoter Opening: First Transition R-HSA-6805399 TAF1 phosphorylates TP53 R-HSA-6810238 RNA polymerase II binds initiation factors at promoter of snRNA gene (U1, U2, U4, U4atac, U5, U11, U12) R-HSA-109638 Recruitment of RNA Polymerase II Holoenzyme by TFIIF to the pol II promoter:TFIID:TFIIA:TFIIB complex R-HSA-6810235 RPAP2 binds RNA polymerase II phosphorylated at serine-7 residues of heptad repeats in the C-terminal domain R-HSA-6810233 CDK7 phosphorylates serine-5 and serine-7 of heptad repeats in C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II at snRNA promoter R-HSA-6814885 CBCAP complex binds 7-methylguanosine cap of snRNA R-HSA-75095 Binding of TFIIE to the growing preinitiation complex R-HSA-109639 Formation of the closed pre-initiation complex R-HSA-73779 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Pre-Initiation And Promoter Opening R-HSA-674695 RNA Polymerase II Pre-transcription Events R-HSA-73776 RNA Polymerase II Promoter Escape R-HSA-167162 RNA Polymerase II HIV Promoter Escape R-HSA-167161 HIV Transcription Initiation R-HSA-6807505 RNA polymerase II transcribes snRNA genes R-HSA-75953 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation R-HSA-76042 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation And Promoter Clearance R-HSA-167172 Transcription of the HIV genome R-HSA-73857 RNA Polymerase II Transcription R-HSA-6804756 Regulation of TP53 Activity through Phosphorylation R-HSA-162599 Late Phase of HIV Life Cycle R-HSA-74160 Gene expression (Transcription) R-HSA-5633007 Regulation of TP53 Activity R-HSA-162587 HIV Life Cycle R-HSA-3700989 Transcriptional Regulation by TP53 R-HSA-162906 HIV Infection R-HSA-212436 Generic Transcription Pathway R-HSA-5663205 Infectious disease R-HSA-1643685 Disease