ID:EIF3C_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit C; Short=eIF3c; AltName: Full=Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit 8; AltName: Full=eIF3 p110; FUNCTION: Component of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF-3) complex, which is required for several steps in the initiation of protein synthesis. The eIF-3 complex associates with the 40S ribosome and facilitates the recruitment of eIF-1, eIF-1A, eIF-2:GTP:methionyl-tRNAi and eIF-5 to form the 43S preinitiation complex (43S PIC). The eIF-3 complex stimulates mRNA recruitment to the 43S PIC and scanning of the mRNA for AUG recognition. The eIF-3 complex is also required for disassembly and recycling of post-termination ribosomal complexes and subsequently prevents premature joining of the 40S and 60S ribosomal subunits prior to initiation. SUBUNIT: Component of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF-3) complex, which is composed of 13 subunits: EIF3A, EIF3B, EIF3C, EIF3D, EIF3E, EIF3F, EIF3G, EIF3H, EIF3I, EIF3J, EIF3K, EIF3L and EIF3M. The eIF-3 complex appears to include 3 stable modules: module A is composed of EIF3A, EIF3B, EIF3G and EIF3I; module B is composed of EIF3F, EIF3H, and EIF3M; and module C is composed of EIF3C, EIF3D, EIF3E, EIF3K and EIF3L. EIF3C of module C binds EIF3B of module A and EIF3H of module B, thereby linking the three modules. EIF3J is a labile subunit that binds to the eIF-3 complex via EIF3B. The eIF-3 complex interacts with RPS6KB1 under conditions of nutrient depletion. Mitogenic stimulation leads to binding and activation of a complex composed of MTOR and RPTOR, leading to phosphorylation and release of RPS6KB1 and binding of EIF4B to eIF-3. Identified in a HCV IRES-mediated translation complex, at least composed of EIF3C, IGF2BP1, RPS3 and HCV RNA-replicon. Interacts with IFIT1 and IFIT2. INTERACTION: O00571:DDX3X; NbExp=3; IntAct=EBI-353741, EBI-353779; Q9Q2G4:ORF (xeno); NbExp=5; IntAct=EBI-353741, EBI-6248094; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm (By similarity). PTM: Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation is enhanced upon serum stimulation. MASS SPECTROMETRY: Mass=106143.8; Method=Unknown; Range=1-913; Source=PubMed:17322308; MASS SPECTROMETRY: Mass=106855; Mass_error=40; Method=MALDI; Range=1-913; Source=PubMed:18599441; SIMILARITY: Belongs to the eIF-3 subunit C family. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 PCI domain. WEB RESOURCE: Name=Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology; URL="http://atlasgeneticsoncology.org//Genes/EIF3CID44187ch16p11.html";
Genetic Association Studies of Complex Diseases and Disorders
inflammatory bowel disease (early onset) Imielinski ,et al. 2009, Common variants at five new loci associated with early-onset inflammatory bowel disease, Nature genetics 2009 41- 12 : 1335-40.
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q99613
The pictures above may be empty if there is no ModBase structure for the protein. The ModBase structure frequently covers just a fragment of the protein. You may be asked to log onto ModBase the first time you click on the pictures. It is simplest after logging in to just click on the picture again to get to the specific info on that model.
Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.
R-HSA-72676 eIF3 and eIF1A bind to the 40S subunit R-HSA-72619 eIF2:GTP is hydrolyzed, eIFs are released R-HSA-72691 Formation of the 43S pre-initiation complex R-HSA-156808 Formation of translation initiation complexes yielding circularized Ceruloplasmin mRNA in a 'closed-loop' conformation R-HSA-157849 Formation of translation initiation complexes containing mRNA that does not circularize R-HSA-72621 Ribosomal scanning R-HSA-72697 Start codon recognition R-HSA-156823 Association of phospho-L13a with GAIT element of Ceruloplasmin mRNA R-HSA-72689 Formation of a pool of free 40S subunits R-HSA-72706 GTP hydrolysis and joining of the 60S ribosomal subunit R-HSA-72695 Formation of the ternary complex, and subsequently, the 43S complex R-HSA-72649 Translation initiation complex formation R-HSA-72737 Cap-dependent Translation Initiation R-HSA-72702 Ribosomal scanning and start codon recognition R-HSA-156827 L13a-mediated translation R-HSA-72662 Activation of the mRNA upon binding of the cap-binding complex and eIFs, and subsequent binding to 43S R-HSA-72613 Eukaryotic Translation Initiation R-HSA-72766 Translation R-HSA-392499 Metabolism of proteins