Human Gene MRPL16 (uc001noh.2) Description and Page Index
Description: Homo sapiens mitochondrial ribosomal protein L16 (MRPL16), nuclear gene encoding mitochondrial protein, mRNA. RefSeq Summary (NM_017840): Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]. ##Evidence-Data-START## Transcript exon combination :: AF183428.1, SRR5189667.360977.1 [ECO:0000332] RNAseq introns :: mixed/partial sample support SAMEA1965299, SAMEA1966682 [ECO:0000350] ##Evidence-Data-END## ##RefSeq-Attributes-START## gene product(s) localized to mito. :: reported by MitoCarta MANE Ensembl match :: ENST00000300151.5/ ENSP00000300151.4 RefSeq Select criteria :: based on single protein-coding transcript ##RefSeq-Attributes-END## Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg19 chr11:59,573,608-59,578,345 Size: 4,738 Total Exon Count: 4 Strand: - Coding Region Position: hg19 chr11:59,573,820-59,578,131 Size: 4,312 Coding Exon Count: 4
ID:RM16_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=39S ribosomal protein L16, mitochondrial; Short=L16mt; Short=MRP-L16; Flags: Precursor; FUNCTION: Component of the large subunit of mitochondrial ribosome. SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Mitochondrion. SIMILARITY: Belongs to the ribosomal protein L16P family. SEQUENCE CAUTION: Sequence=AAG23818.1; Type=Erroneous initiation;
Genetic Association Studies of Complex Diseases and Disorders
Genetic Association Database (archive): MRPL16 CDC HuGE Published Literature: MRPL16
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q9NX20
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.
R-HSA-5389839 39S subunit binds 28S subunit:mRNA:fMet-tRNA R-HSA-5419273 Hydrolysis of GTP and dissociation of 28S and 39S subunits R-HSA-5389848 TUFM:GTP:aminoacyl-tRNA binds 55S ribosome:mRNA:fMet-tRNA R-HSA-5389857 Peptide transfer from P-site to A-site (peptide bond formation) R-HSA-5389842 TUFM hydrolyzes GTP and TUFM:GDP dissociates from 55S ribosome R-HSA-5419261 55S ribosome with peptidyl-tRNA in A site binds GFM1:GTP R-HSA-5419281 MRRF binds 55S ribosome:mRNA:tRNA R-HSA-5419279 Translocation of peptidyl-tRNA from A-site to P-site (and translocation of 55S ribosome by 3 bases along mRNA) R-HSA-5419264 MTRF1L (MTRF1a) or ICT1 binds stop codon in 55S ribosome:mRNA:peptidyl-tRNA R-HSA-5419277 GFM2:GTP binds 55S ribosome:mRNA:tRNA:MRRF releasing mRNA and tRNA R-HSA-5368286 Mitochondrial translation initiation R-HSA-5419276 Mitochondrial translation termination R-HSA-5368287 Mitochondrial translation R-HSA-5389840 Mitochondrial translation elongation R-HSA-72766 Translation R-HSA-392499 Metabolism of proteins