ID:RPC3_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=DNA-directed RNA polymerase III subunit RPC3; Short=RNA polymerase III subunit C3; AltName: Full=DNA-directed RNA polymerase III subunit C; AltName: Full=RNA polymerase III 62 kDa subunit; Short=RPC62; FUNCTION: DNA-dependent RNA polymerase catalyzes the transcription of DNA into RNA using the four ribonucleoside triphosphates as substrates. Specific core component of RNA polymerase III which synthesizes small RNAs, such as 5S rRNA and tRNAs. May direct with other members of the subcomplex RNA Pol III binding to the TFIIIB- DNA complex via the interactions between TFIIIB and POLR3F. May be involved either in the recruitment and stabilization of the subcomplex within RNA polymerase III, or in stimulating catalytic functions of other subunits during initiation. Plays a key role in sensing and limiting infection by intracellular bacteria and DNA viruses. Acts as nuclear and cytosolic DNA sensor involved in innate immune response. Can sense non-self dsDNA that serves as template for transcription into dsRNA. The non-self RNA polymerase III transcripts, such as Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNAs (EBERs) induce type I interferon and NF- Kappa-B through the RIG-I pathway. SUBUNIT: Component of the RNA polymerase III (Pol III) complex consisting of 17 subunits (By similarity). RPC3/POLR3C, RPC6/POLR3F and RPC7/POLR3G form a Pol III subcomplex. Interacts with GTF3C4 (By similarity). SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Nucleus (By similarity). MISCELLANEOUS: Antibodies against POLR3C have been found in the sera of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). SIMILARITY: Belongs to the eukaryotic RPC3/POLR3C RNA polymerase subunit family.
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q9BUI4
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.
Biological Process: GO:0002376 immune system process GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated GO:0006359 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase III promoter GO:0006383 transcription from RNA polymerase III promoter GO:0032728 positive regulation of interferon-beta production GO:0045087 innate immune response GO:0045089 positive regulation of innate immune response GO:0051607 defense response to virus
R-HSA-76056 Recruitment of RNA polymerase III to TFIIIB:TFIIIC:TFIIIA:Type 1 Promoter Complex R-HSA-83803 Recruitment of RNA Polymerase III to TFIIIB:SNAPc:Type 3 Promoter Complex R-HSA-83805 Recruitment of RNA Polymerase III to the TFIIIB:TFIIIC: Type 2 Promoter Complex R-HSA-113454 RNA Polymerase III Termination and release of transcribed RNA R-HSA-76060 RNA Polymerase III Promoter Opening at Type 1 Promoters R-HSA-112150 RNA Polymerase III Promoter Opening at Type 2 Promoters R-HSA-112152 RNA Polymerase III Promoter Opening at Type 3 Promoters R-HSA-112055 RNA Polymerase III Abortive Initiation At Type 1 Open Promoters R-HSA-112153 RNA Polymerase III Simple Start Sequence Initiation At Type 1 Promoters R-HSA-112149 RNA Polymerase III Abortive Initiation At Type 2 Open Promoters R-HSA-112155 RNA Polymerase III Simple Start Sequence Initiation At Type 2 Promoters R-HSA-112054 RNA Polymerase III Abortive Initiation At Type 3 Open Promoters R-HSA-112156 RNA Polymerase III Simple Start Sequence Initiation At Type 3 Promoters R-HSA-113442 RNA Polymerase III Retractive RNase Activity at U-tract Pause Sites R-HSA-113446 Initiation of RNA Polymerase III Productive Transcription R-HSA-113449 RNA Polymerase III Transcriptional Pause at Terminator Sequence R-HSA-113451 Resumption of RNA Polymerase III Productive Transcription R-HSA-113705 RNA Polymerase III Productive Transcription R-HSA-76061 RNA Polymerase III Transcription Initiation From Type 1 Promoter R-HSA-76071 RNA Polymerase III Transcription Initiation From Type 3 Promoter R-HSA-76066 RNA Polymerase III Transcription Initiation From Type 2 Promoter R-HSA-73980 RNA Polymerase III Transcription Termination R-HSA-749476 RNA Polymerase III Abortive And Retractive Initiation R-HSA-73780 RNA Polymerase III Chain Elongation R-HSA-76046 RNA Polymerase III Transcription Initiation R-HSA-74158 RNA Polymerase III Transcription R-HSA-1834949 Cytosolic sensors of pathogen-associated DNA R-HSA-74160 Gene expression (Transcription) R-HSA-168249 Innate Immune System R-HSA-168256 Immune System