Human Gene NCBP2 (ENST00000452404.6) Description and Page Index
Description: Homo sapiens nuclear cap binding protein subunit 2 (NCBP2), transcript variant 3, mRNA. (from RefSeq NM_001308036) RefSeq Summary (NM_001308036): The product of this gene is a component of the nuclear cap-binding protein complex (CBC), which binds to the monomethylated 5' cap of nascent pre-mRNA in the nucleoplasm. The encoded protein has an RNP domain commonly found in RNA binding proteins, and contains the cap-binding activity. The CBC promotes pre-mRNA splicing, 3'-end processing, RNA nuclear export, and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]. Gencode Transcript: ENST00000452404.6 Gencode Gene: ENSG00000114503.11 Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg38 chr3:196,936,777-196,942,440 Size: 5,664 Total Exon Count: 4 Strand: - Coding Region Position: hg38 chr3:196,937,011-196,941,958 Size: 4,948 Coding Exon Count: 4
ID:NCBP2_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Nuclear cap-binding protein subunit 2; AltName: Full=20 kDa nuclear cap-binding protein; AltName: Full=Cell proliferation-inducing gene 55 protein; AltName: Full=NCBP 20 kDa subunit; Short=CBP20; AltName: Full=NCBP-interacting protein 1; Short=NIP1; FUNCTION: Component of the cap-binding complex (CBC), which binds co-transcriptionally to the 5' cap of pre-mRNAs and is involved in various processes such as pre-mRNA splicing, translation regulation, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay, RNA-mediated gene silencing (RNAi) by microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNA export. The CBC complex is involved in mRNA export from the nucleus via its interaction with ALYREF/THOC4/ALY, leading to the recruitment of the mRNA export machinery to the 5' end of mRNA and to mRNA export in a 5' to 3' direction through the nuclear pore. The CBC complex is also involved in mediating U snRNA and intronless mRNAs export from the nucleus. The CBC complex is essential for a pioneer round of mRNA translation, before steady state translation when the CBC complex is replaced by cytoplasmic cap-binding protein eIF4E. The pioneer round of mRNA translation mediated by the CBC complex plays a central role in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), NMD only taking place in mRNAs bound to the CBC complex, but not on eIF4E-bound mRNAs. The CBC complex enhances NMD in mRNAs containing at least one exon-junction complex (EJC) via its interaction with UPF1, promoting the interaction between UPF1 and UPF2. The CBC complex is also involved in 'failsafe' NMD, which is independent of the EJC complex, while it does not participate in Staufen-mediated mRNA decay (SMD). During cell proliferation, the CBC complex is also involved in microRNAs (miRNAs) biogenesis via its interaction with SRRT/ARS2, thereby being required for miRNA- mediated RNA interference. The CBC complex also acts as a negative regulator of PARN, thereby acting as an inhibitor of mRNA deadenylation. In the CBC complex, NCBP2/CBP20 recognizes and binds capped RNAs (m7GpppG-capped RNA) but requires NCBP1/CBP80 to stabilize the movement of its N-terminal loop and lock the CBC into a high affinity cap-binding state with the cap structure. SUBUNIT: Component of the nuclear cap-binding complex (CBC), a heterodimer composed of NCBP1/CBP80 and NCBP2/CBP20 that interacts with m7GpppG-capped RNA. Found in a U snRNA export complex with RNUXA/PHAX, NCBP1/CBP80, NCBP2/CBP20, RAN, XPO1 and m7G-capped RNA. Interaction with RNUXA/PHAX. Is part of the exon junction complex (EJC) containing NCBP1, NCBP2, RNPS1, RBM8A, SRRM1, NXF1, UPF3B, UPF2, ALYREF/THOC4 and/or REFBP2. Interacts with EIF4G1, HNRNPF, HNRNPH1 and ALYREF/THOC4/ALY. INTERACTION: Q09161:NCBP1; NbExp=5; IntAct=EBI-464729, EBI-464743; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Nucleus. Cytoplasm. PTM: Phosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR. SIMILARITY: Belongs to the RRM NCBP2 family. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 RRM (RNA recognition motif) domain.
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on P52298
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.