Human Gene TMEM67 (ENST00000409623.7) Description and Page Index
  Description: Homo sapiens transmembrane protein 67 (TMEM67), transcript variant 2, mRNA. (from RefSeq NM_001142301)
RefSeq Summary (NM_001142301): The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the primary cilium and to the plasma membrane. The gene functions in centriole migration to the apical membrane and formation of the primary cilium. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Defects in this gene are a cause of Meckel syndrome type 3 (MKS3) and Joubert syndrome type 6 (JBTS6). [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008].
Gencode Transcript: ENST00000409623.7
Gencode Gene: ENSG00000164953.15
Transcript (Including UTRs)
   Position: hg38 chr8:93,754,887-93,816,760 Size: 61,874 Total Exon Count: 29 Strand: +
Coding Region
   Position: hg38 chr8:93,758,548-93,816,452 Size: 57,905 Coding Exon Count: 27 

Page IndexSequence and LinksUniProtKB CommentsMalaCardsCTDRNA-Seq Expression
Microarray ExpressionRNA StructureProtein StructureOther SpeciesGO AnnotationsmRNA Descriptions
PathwaysOther NamesGeneReviewsMethods
Data last updated: 2019-09-04

-  Sequence and Links to Tools and Databases
 
Genomic Sequence (chr8:93,754,887-93,816,760)mRNA (may differ from genome)Protein (914 aa)
Gene SorterGenome BrowserOther Species FASTAGene interactionsTable SchemaBioGPS
CGAPEnsemblEntrez GeneExonPrimerGeneCardsHGNC
LynxMGImyGene2neXtProtOMIMPubMed
ReactomeStanford SOURCEUniProtKBWikipedia

-  Comments and Description Text from UniProtKB
  ID: MKS3_HUMAN
DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Meckelin; AltName: Full=Meckel syndrome type 3 protein; AltName: Full=Transmembrane protein 67;
FUNCTION: Part of the tectonic-like complex which is required for tissue-specific ciliogenesis and may regulate ciliary membrane composition (By similarity). Involved in centrosome migration to the apical cell surface during early ciliogenesis. Required for ciliary structure and function, including a role in regulating length and appropriate number through modulating centrosome duplication. Required for cell branching morphology. Essential for endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of surfactant protein C (SFTPC).
SUBUNIT: Part of the tectonic-like complex (also named B9 complex) (By similarity). Interacts with DNAJB9, DNAJC10 and mutated SFTPC. Interacts with SYNE2 during the early establishment of cell polarity. Interacts (via C-terminus) with FLNA.
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, cilium basal body. Note=Localizes at the transition zone, a region between the basal body and the ciliary axoneme (By similarity).
TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Widely expressed in adult and fetal tissues. Expressed at higher level in spinal cord.
DISEASE: Note=Ciliary dysfunction leads to a broad spectrum of disorders, collectively termed ciliopathies. Overlapping clinical features include retinal degeneration, renal cystic disease, skeletal abnormalities, fibrosis of various organ, and a complex range of anatomical and functional defects of the central and peripheral nervous system. The ciliopathy range of diseases includes Meckel-Gruber syndrome, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Joubert syndrome, and nephronophtisis among others. Single-locus allelism is insufficient to explain the variable penetrance and expressivity of such disorders, leading to the suggestion that variations across multiple sites of the ciliary proteome influence the clinical outcome.
DISEASE: Defects in TMEM67 are the cause of Meckel syndrome type 3 (MKS3) [MIM:607361]. MKS3 is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a combination of renal cysts and variably associated features including developmental anomalies of the central nervous system (typically encephalocele), hepatic ductal dysplasia and cysts, and polydactyly.
DISEASE: Defects in TMEM67 are the cause of Joubert syndrome type 6 (JBTS6) [MIM:610688]. JBTS is an autosomal recessive disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy and renal disease.
DISEASE: Defects in TMEM67 may be a cause of Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) [MIM:209900]. A syndrome characterized by usually severe pigmentary retinopathy, early-onset obesity, polydactyly, hypogenitalism, renal malformation and mental retardation. Secondary features include diabetes mellitus, hypertension and congenital heart disease. Bardet-Biedl syndrome inheritance is autosomal recessive, but three mutated alleles (two at one locus, and a third at a second locus) may be required for clinical manifestation of some forms of the disease. Note=Genetic variations in TMEM67 may act as a modifier of the expression of Bardet-Biedl syndrome in patients who have mutations in other genes. Heterozygosity for a complex mutation in the TMEM67 gene coding for a protein with 2 in cis changes, and homozygosity for a truncating mutation of the CEP290 gene has been found in a patient with Bardet-Biedl syndrome type 14.
DISEASE: Defects in TMEM67 are a cause of COACH syndrome (COACHS) [MIM:216360]. It is a disorder characterized by mental retardation, ataxia due to cerebellar hypoplasia, and hepatic fibrosis. Patients present the molar tooth sign, a midbrain- hindbrain malformation pathognomonic for Joubert syndrome and related disorders. Other features, such as coloboma and renal cysts, may be variable.
DISEASE: Defects in TMEM67 are the cause of nephronophthisis type 11 (NPHP11) [MIM:613550]. NPHP11 is a disorder characterized by the association of nephronophthisis with hepatic fibrosis. Nephronophthisis is a progressive tubulo-interstitial kidney disorder histologically characterized by modifications of the tubules with thickening of the basement membrane, interstitial fibrosis and, in the advanced stages, medullary cysts. Typical clinical features are chronic renal failure, anemia, polyuria, polydipsia, isosthenuria, and growth retardation. Associations with extrarenal symptoms, especially ocular lesions, are frequent.
SEQUENCE CAUTION: Sequence=AAH32835.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended; Sequence=BAG52959.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended;
WEB RESOURCE: Name=GeneReviews; URL="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/GeneTests/lab/gene/TMEM67";

-  MalaCards Disease Associations
  MalaCards Gene Search: TMEM67
Diseases sorted by gene-association score: coach syndrome* (1690), nephronophthisis 11* (1329), meckel syndrome 3* (1230), joubert syndrome 6* (1229), meckel syndrome 1* (615), tmem67-related joubert syndrome* (500), joubert syndrome 1* (444), bardet-biedl syndrome 14* (406), senior-boichis syndrome* (350), nephronophthisis* (199), tmem67-related meckel syndrome* (100), ciliopathy (36), encephalocele (13), joubert syndrome and related disorders (13), bardet-biedl syndrome 13 (8), bardet-biedl syndrome 15 (8), choledochal cyst (7), congenital hepatic fibrosis (7), patau syndrome (6), coloboma (5), hydrolethalus syndrome (5), bardet-biedl syndrome (5), polycystic kidney disease 4, with or without hepatic disease (4), senior-loken syndrome-1 (4), bardet-biedl syndrome 11 (3), fundus dystrophy (1)
* = Manually curated disease association

-  Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD)
  The following chemicals interact with this gene           more ... click here to view the complete list

-  RNA-Seq Expression Data from GTEx (53 Tissues, 570 Donors)
  Highest median expression: 7.34 RPKM in Testis
Total median expression: 100.68 RPKM



View in GTEx track of Genome Browser    View at GTEx portal     View GTEx Body Map

+  Microarray Expression Data
  Press "+" in the title bar above to open this section.

-  mRNA Secondary Structure of 3' and 5' UTRs
 
RegionFold EnergyBasesEnergy/Base
Display As
5' UTR -60.50202-0.300 Picture PostScript Text
3' UTR -54.10308-0.176 Picture PostScript Text

The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.

-  Protein Domain and Structure Information
  InterPro Domains: Graphical view of domain structure
IPR009030 - Growth_fac_rcpt
IPR019170 - Meckelin

Pfam Domains:
PF09773 - Meckelin (Transmembrane protein 67)

ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q5HYA8
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-  Orthologous Genes in Other Species
  Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.
MouseRatZebrafishD. melanogasterC. elegansS. cerevisiae
Genome BrowserGenome BrowserNo orthologNo orthologNo orthologNo ortholog
Gene Details     
Gene Sorter     
MGIRGD    
Protein SequenceProtein Sequence    
AlignmentAlignment    

-  Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations with Structured Vocabulary
  Molecular Function:
GO:0005515 protein binding
GO:0031005 filamin binding
GO:0051082 unfolded protein binding

Biological Process:
GO:0010826 negative regulation of centrosome duplication
GO:0030030 cell projection organization
GO:0030433 ER-associated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process
GO:0060271 cilium assembly
GO:0097711 ciliary basal body docking

Cellular Component:
GO:0005737 cytoplasm
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane
GO:0005813 centrosome
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton
GO:0005886 plasma membrane
GO:0005929 cilium
GO:0016020 membrane
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane
GO:0030659 cytoplasmic vesicle membrane
GO:0035869 ciliary transition zone
GO:0036038 MKS complex
GO:0042995 cell projection
GO:0060170 ciliary membrane


-  Descriptions from all associated GenBank mRNAs
  AK308071 - Homo sapiens cDNA, FLJ98019.
AK092244 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ34925 fis, clone NT2RP7003148, highly similar to Meckelin.
AX747428 - Sequence 953 from Patent EP1308459.
AK308735 - Homo sapiens cDNA, FLJ98776.
BX648768 - Homo sapiens mRNA; cDNA DKFZp686F1937 (from clone DKFZp686F1937).
BC031220 - Homo sapiens transmembrane protein 67, mRNA (cDNA clone IMAGE:5261031), with apparent retained intron.
BC017974 - Homo sapiens transmembrane protein 67, mRNA (cDNA clone IMAGE:4696385), with apparent retained intron.
BC054338 - Homo sapiens transmembrane protein 67, mRNA (cDNA clone IMAGE:6056775).
AK094935 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ37616 fis, clone BRCOC2012172, highly similar to Meckelin.
BC032835 - Homo sapiens transmembrane protein 67, mRNA (cDNA clone MGC:26979 IMAGE:4825770), complete cds.
KU178827 - Homo sapiens transmembrane protein 67 isoform 1 (TMEM67) mRNA, partial cds.
KU178828 - Homo sapiens transmembrane protein 67 isoform 2 (TMEM67) mRNA, complete cds, alternatively spliced.
KU178829 - Homo sapiens transmembrane protein 67 isoform 3 (TMEM67) mRNA, complete cds, alternatively spliced.
JF432845 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone IMAGE:100074166 transmembrane protein 67 (TMEM67) gene, encodes complete protein.
KJ903561 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone ccsbBroadEn_12955 TMEM67 gene, encodes complete protein.
KR709484 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone CCSBHm_00002601 TMEM67 (TMEM67) mRNA, encodes complete protein.
KR709485 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone CCSBHm_00002609 TMEM67 (TMEM67) mRNA, encodes complete protein.
KR709486 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone CCSBHm_00002613 TMEM67 (TMEM67) mRNA, encodes complete protein.
KR709487 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone CCSBHm_00002622 TMEM67 (TMEM67) mRNA, encodes complete protein.
JD019166 - Sequence 190 from Patent EP1572962.
JD031864 - Sequence 12888 from Patent EP1572962.
JD218519 - Sequence 199543 from Patent EP1572962.
AK026742 - Homo sapiens cDNA: FLJ23089 fis, clone LNG07061.
AK297676 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ60309 complete cds, highly similar to Meckelin.

-  Biochemical and Signaling Pathways
  Reactome (by CSHL, EBI, and GO)

Protein Q5HYA8 (Reactome details) participates in the following event(s):

R-HSA-5626681 Recruitment of transition zone proteins
R-HSA-5638009 CEP164 recruits RAB3IP-carrying Golgi-derived vesicles to the basal body
R-HSA-5617816 RAB3IP stimulates nucleotide exchange on RAB8A
R-HSA-5620912 Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane
R-HSA-5617833 Cilium Assembly
R-HSA-1852241 Organelle biogenesis and maintenance

-  Other Names for This Gene
  Alternate Gene Symbols: B3KRU5, B3KT47, G5E9H2, MKS3, MKS3_HUMAN, NM_001142301, Q3ZCX3, Q5HYA8, Q7Z5T8, Q8IZ06, uc003yga.1, uc003yga.2, uc003yga.3, uc003yga.4, uc003yga.5
UCSC ID: uc003yga.5
RefSeq Accession: NM_001142301
Protein: Q5HYA8 (aka MKS3_HUMAN)
CCDS: CCDS47893.1

-  GeneReviews for This Gene
  GeneReviews article(s) related to gene TMEM67:
hepatic-fibrosis (Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis Overview)
joubert (Joubert Syndrome)
nephron-ov (Nephronophthisis)

-  Methods, Credits, and Use Restrictions
  Click here for details on how this gene model was made and data restrictions if any.